Joseph Shapiro en National Data Confirm Cases Of Restraint And Seclusion In Public Schools The practice of secluding or restraining children when they get agitated has long been a controversial practice in public schools. Now, new data show that it's more common than previously understood, happening at least 267,000 times in a recent school year.<p>NPR worked with reporters from the investigative journalism group ProPublica, who compiled data from the U.S. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 21:59:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 44319 at National Data Confirm Cases Of Restraint And Seclusion In Public Schools Michigan's High Court Limits The Fees Billed To Defendants Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.<p>MELISSA BLOCK, HOST: <p>And I'm Melissa Block. Michigan's top court, today, moved to put limits on what local governments can charge defendants who go through the court system. The court ruled in a case we told you about last month of a man who got billed more than a thousand dollars for his court costs. Wed, 18 Jun 2014 21:32:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 44314 at Facing Doubts About Court Fines, Lawmakers Take Questions To Heart U.S. lawmakers and judges are feeling some urgency to solve the same problem: how to stop sending people to jail simply for failing to pay court fines and fees, often because they're too poor to afford them. Policymakers react to a recent <a href="">NPR investigation</a> into the issue. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 04 Jun 2014 20:08:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 43147 at Measures Aimed At Keeping People Out Of Jail Punish The Poor Electronic monitoring devices provide an alternative to sending someone to jail. For a defendant, an ankle bracelet means returning to family and work. For corrections officials, it saves money by reducing overcrowded jails and prisons. Sat, 24 May 2014 20:58:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 42269 at Measures Aimed At Keeping People Out Of Jail Punish The Poor Court Fees Drive Many Poor Defendants Underground The use of fines and fees charged to criminal defendants has exploded. <a href="">An NPR investigation</a> has found people who can't afford those charges can go to jail for not paying. Hundreds of thousands are hiding from police and the courts. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Wed, 21 May 2014 20:39:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 41988 at Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons Debtors prisons were outlawed in the United States nearly 200 years ago. And more than 30 years ago, the U.S. Supreme Court made it clear: Judges cannot send people to jail just because they are too poor to pay their court fines.<p>That decision came in a 1983 case called <em>Bearden v. Georgia</em>, which held that a judge must first consider whether the defendant has the ability to pay but "willfully" refuses.<p>However, the Supreme Court didn't tell courts how to determine what it means to "willfully" not pay. Wed, 21 May 2014 09:22:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 41925 at Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons Big Fees For The Big Easy's Poorest Defendants In the next installment of an <a href="">NPR investigation</a>, Joseph Shapiro goes to New Orleans to look at the ways poor people are charged for their public defender in court. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit<img src=""/></div><p>Transcript <p>ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: <p>This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. Tue, 20 May 2014 20:37:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 41889 at Unpaid Court Fees Land The Poor In 21st Century Debtors' Prisons Debtors' prisons were outlawed in the United States back before the Civil War. But an NPR <a href="">state-by-state survey</a> found that people still get sent to jail for unpaid court fines and fees. <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. Tue, 20 May 2014 10:17:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 41818 at As Court Fees Rise, The Poor Are Paying The Price In Augusta, Ga., a judge sentenced Tom Barrett to 12 months after he stole a can of beer worth less than $2.<p>In Ionia, Mich., 19-year-old Kyle Dewitt caught a fish out of season; then a judge sentenced him to three days in jail.<p>In Grand Rapids, Mich., Stephen Papa, a homeless Iraq War veteran, spent 22 days in jail, not for what he calls his "embarrassing behavior" after he got drunk with friends and climbed into an abandoned building, but because he had only $25 the day he went to court.<p>The common thread in these cases, and scores more like them, is the jail time wasn't punishment for Mon, 19 May 2014 20:02:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 41778 at As Court Fees Rise, The Poor Are Paying The Price Feds List Schools Under Investigation For Abuse Claims Transcript <p>RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST: <p>It's MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. Good morning. I'm Renee Montagne.<p>STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: <p>And I'm Steve Inskeep.<p>A Supreme Court justice famously said that sunlight is the best disinfectant. Louis Brandeis meant that publicity changes bad behavior, and this appears to be the theory followed by the U.S. Department of Education. Fri, 02 May 2014 09:25:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 40377 at Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason The number of "forcible rapes" that get reported at four-year colleges increased 49 percent between 2008 and 2012. That's the finding of an analysis by NPR's Investigative Unit of data from the Department of Education.<p>That increase shows that sexual assault is a persistent and ugly problem on college campuses. Wed, 30 Apr 2014 22:12:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 40262 at Campus Rape Reports Are Up, And Assaults Aren't The Only Reason Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again With the Army's disclosure that Army Spc. Ivan Lopez was being evaluated for post-traumatic stress disorder before he went on a shooting rampage Wednesday, there were once again questions about whether the Army could have prevented the violence at Fort Hood.<p>Experts in mental health say (even as <a href="">more facts</a> about Lopez emerge) that it's highly unlikely the violence could have been predicted. Thu, 03 Apr 2014 23:14:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 38060 at Shooting Unfairly Links Violence With Mental Illness — Again Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies Dr. Michael Mastromarino died Sunday after battling liver and bone cancer. He was 49.<p>Mastromarino pleaded guilty to "body stealing." In 2008, he was sentenced to up to 58 years in prison.<p>But he continued to insist that he'd been misunderstood. He spoke to NPR, working with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, last year from a prison near Buffalo, N.Y.<p>As soon as we'd clipped on his microphone and before we could even test the recording level, the tall, bald man in a green prison jumpsuit was defending himself. Wed, 10 Jul 2013 19:28:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 18339 at Mastermind Of 'Body Stealing' Scheme Dies Amid Dropping Test Scores, Teen Writers' Creativity Soars <em>NPR correspondent Joseph Shapiro and his daughter Eva spent the weekend at the </em><a href="">Scholastic Art & Writing Awards</a><em>. Eva, 15, won the "Best in Grade" award, one of two for ninth-grade writers, for a short story. She takes writing classes with Writopia Lab in Washington, D.C.</em><p>To hear recent news reports, you'd wonder if there's a teen left in America who can write a coherent sentence. Thu, 13 Jun 2013 13:39:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro & Eva Shapiro 16335 at Turning Up The Heat On Civil Rights-Era Cold Cases Six years ago, the FBI took on a challenge: To review what it called cold-case killings from the civil rights era. The investigation into 112 cases from the 1950s and 1960s is winding down, and civil rights activists are weighing the FBI's efforts.<p>The review comes with word this week of the death of a man who'd been named, <a href="">by a newspaper investigation</a>, as a possible suspect in one notorious case.<p><strong>The Case</strong><p>The investigation was of the death of Frank Morris, in Ferriday, La., in 1964. Sat, 18 May 2013 09:17:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 14358 at Justice In The Segregated South: A New Look At An Old Killing <em>This story contains language that some may find offensive.</em><p>In the segregated South in 1965, John Queen was about as insignificant as a man could be. He was black, elderly and paralyzed. His legs had been crushed when as a boy he fell off a roof. For the rest of his life, he pulled himself around with his hands.<p>In Fayette, Miss., he would shine shoes on Main Street for a few coins. People called him "Crippled Johnny" or "Shoe-Shine Johnny."<p>"He didn't have legs, so he walked like a rabbit," says Lillie Lee Henderson, Queen's great-niece. Fri, 03 May 2013 20:03:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 13219 at Justice In The Segregated South: A New Look At An Old Killing Law Targets Sexual Violence On College Campuses When President Obama signs an updated version of the <a href="">Violence Against Women Act</a> on Thursday afternoon, the law will include new requirements for how colleges and universities handle allegations of sexual assault.<p>Laura Dunn, who's been invited by the White House to attend, plans to be there.<p>In 2010, Dunn <a href="">told her story</a> on <em>Morning Edition</em>: She believed her Wisconsin school failed to p Thu, 07 Mar 2013 00:38:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 8821 at Koop Turned Surgeon General's Office Into Mighty Education Platform Transcript <p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>C. Everett Koop was the most outspoken and some would argue the most influential of all U.S. surgeon generals. [POST-BROADCAST CORRECTION: The correct plural form of the word is surgeons general.] He wore the uniform throughout most of the 1980s, and he turned an office with little power into a mighty platform - to educate Americans about AIDS prevention and the dangers of smoking.<p>C. Everett Koop died today at his home in Hanover, New Hampshire. He was 96. NPR's Joseph Shapiro looks back on his career.<p>JOSEPH SHAPIRO, BYLINE: When C. Mon, 25 Feb 2013 22:32:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 8070 at Why A Young Man Died In A Nursing Home, A State Away From His Mom Zach Sayne was 25 when he died earlier this month at the place that had been his home for 15 years — a children's nursing home in Alabama.<p>But that was too far away, 200 miles too far, for his mother in Georgia. Nola Sayne was trying to bring him back, closer to her home. Wed, 16 Jan 2013 18:35:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 5114 at Why A Young Man Died In A Nursing Home, A State Away From His Mom Spinal Surgery Company To Give Tissue Proceeds To Charity When a California company developed a product to be used in spinal fusion surgeries, the firm's president said he knew it faced a new "ethical dilemma," even noting a recent <a href="">NPR news investigation</a> questioning the high profits some firms were making from donated human tissue.<p>Spinal Elements, a small and growing company, had long made plates, screws and other technology used in spinal surgeries. Sun, 07 Oct 2012 15:22:00 +0000 Joseph Shapiro 3124 at Spinal Surgery Company To Give Tissue Proceeds To Charity