The history of science is filled with obscure and bizarre substances. Despite all that we have learned in the past 400 years, the trend continues. Perhaps it's unavoidable, being the way we figure things out. We need to find some apparently weird stuff — playing a game of cat and mouse with Nature — in order to make sense of what's out there.
With time, most strange substances disappear as we understand what is going on. But, hard as we try, we always seem to be surrounded by some unknown material. It is a fog that doesn't ever seem to fully dissipate.
Middle and high school girls participate in the Dorothy's House and Land of Oz program in Liberal, Kan.
Credit JoAnne Mansell
"I am the executive director of Dorothy's House and Land of Oz in Liberal, Kan. We have a Dorothy program where girls from middle school to high school age dress up as Dorothy Gale. The girls give tours of Dorothy's House and guide people on a walk-through of the 1939 Wizard of Oz movie. In this photo, all of the girls who play Dorothy are on the Kansas Senate floor." -- JoAnne Mansell
"My daughter and I each won best costume awards last year at the annual Oz Fest, held in Chittenango, N.Y., birthplace of L. Frank Baum." — submitted by amberink
"The whole family dressed up one year for Halloween — Dad was the Wizard, Mom was the Lion, oldest son was Tin Man, middle son was scarecrow, daughter was Dorothy, and guinea pig was Toto." — submitted by amberink
"My twins dressed up as Dorothy and the Lion one year. The Lion suit has now been passed down through three generations." — submitted by barteleye
Credit Debbie Young
"This is a photo from 1977 when the 1st-grade class of Miss Franceschetti and the kindergarten class of Mrs. MacNabb took on the challenge of the FULL Wizard of Oz script and musical production. ... Recently the photo was shared on Facebook reconnecting the cast who shared their fond memories of being a part of the play over 35 years ago." — Debbie (Coccia) Young, 42, Wicked Witch of the West
Credit Amy Brodsky
"Dorothy and her Flying (crying) Monkeys!" — Amy Brodsky
Credit Richard Walker
submitted by Richard Walker
Credit Scott Lindsey
submitted by Scott Lindsey
Credit Nina Schmidt
"I have always been terrified of The Wizard of Oz. My mom made me this costume at age 8 to go along with my siblings and cousins as a group for trick-or-treating that year. Because every 8-year-old girl wants to be the Tin Man for Halloween? My 'body' was made of a Styrofoam container a rose bush came in. I couldn't sit or go to the bathroom all day." — Nina Schmidt, 35
Credit Hannah Kinsley
"I was Dorothy every year for Halloween as long as I can remember. This was the year I made my brother join in the fun as well." — Hannah Kinsley
"Here is the Wolkenfeld Family dressed for Purim 2013. The theme was chosen collectively, and the kids worked out who should be which character. Top, from left: Rabbi David Wolkenfeld, Sara Wolkenfeld, Sophie (1), Grandma Jo Lang, Aunt Debra Tillinger. Bottom: Hillel (4), Noam (6), Akiva (4), and Uncle Richie Miller." — submitted by drmermaid
Credit Jenny Barker Devine
"My name is Jenny Barker Devine and I grew up in Council Bluffs, Iowa. We had the perfect back porch for staging productions. Over the years we did such classics as Lady and the Tramp and The Wizard of Oz. This is my sister, Karen Barker Crowley, as the Cowardly Lion, ca. 1985." — Jenny Barker Devine
Credit Karen Hamilton
"Welcome to Oz — Colin the Cowardly Lion, Karen the Scarecrow, Napoleon as Toto, Lauren as Dorothy, and Scott as the Tin Man. This imaginative book and movie has captured the heart of my daughter! She loves the whimsical characters and the catchy tunes of the movie." — Karen Hamilton, 36, San Jose, Calif.
Credit Sonja Brouwers
"I took my children (dressed as Dorothy and The Tin Man) to a local JCPenney portrait studio (circa 1989) and I was surprised when the young woman photographer asked what they were supposed to be. When I explained, I was even more shocked when she claimed to have never before heard of The Wizard of Oz." — Sonja Brouwers
Credit David W.
"2008: Mom made the Dorothy costume about 10 years earlier for older sister and made the Lion costume this year; Dad assembled the Scarecrow costume." — submitted by David W.
Credit Ava Simpson
"My four oldest grandchildren, the Weitzes of Oz, on Halloween 2006 in Stockton, Calif. These costumes were a collaboration by me and their paternal grandmother. They were actually the second generation of Wizard of Oz trick-or-treaters. Their mom, aunt and two friends did it first in 1984." — Ava Simpson
Credit Heather Fauland
"For the Fall Festival each year, my elementary school would create a 'labyrinth' in the science lab, like a literary haunted house. ... I think the theme this year was something along the line of 'Great American Classics.' I was determined to be the Tin Man, and my dad made it happen (with lots of duct tape and silver spray paint)." — Heather Fauland
Credit Stephanie Moore
"My mother took great pride and pleasure in designing my elaborate Halloween costumes each year. In 1987, when I was 3 years old, she handmade this adorable Dorothy costume. ... I am now an English teacher, and I keep two copies of the book in my classroom library. It is a timeless classic that captures the heart of the reader, regardless of his or her age." — Stephanie Moore
Credit Tom Payne
"This was from the 1970s. We became all friends. I was the lion." — Tom Payne
Credit Eric R. Price
"Because we went from Kansas to Chicago for a Halloween-themed race (the Monster Dash) in 2011, we thought we'd represent the state by dressing as some familiar characters. I think our 4-year-old Lion was the most popular. We even won for best costumes!" — Eric R. Price
Credit Eyde Reilly
"It all started with a hand-me-down Dorothy costume for our baby sister. Mom got crazed with making the costumes as authentic as possible. The Tin Man had moving joints, Scarecrow was itchy from all the straw, and the Lion was hot and sweaty under all that fake fur!" — Eyde Reilly, 50, Southern California
Credit Brenda Lightfoot
"Halloween 2009, Houston — there's Kathryn as Dorothy with her little moose named Toto (we didn't have a stuffed dog) and 2-year-old Eliza as a very tiny Good Witch Glinda, plus Phoebe as the Wickedest Witch of the West. The gorgeous costumes were handmade by my mother-in-law." — Brenda Lightfoot
"At 15, my friends and I joked about dressing up as characters from The Wizard of Oz. Ten years later, we actually did it! Left to right: Holland, Briana (that's me!), Beth, and Bree in College Station, Texas." — submitted by brimorrison
Credit Scott Lindsey
Three kids dressed up as the Scarecrow, the Lion and Dorothy.
Credit Frank Maitoza
"My adventures in Oz started in the fourth grade in Ashby, Mass., in 1945. ... I dressed myself up as the Wizard. I took my bathrobe and made a cape, carved out a stick with the letters OZ for my wand and made a star-like crown for my head. I stood outside in the sun and called to my mom to take my picture. There I was at age 10, 'The Wizard of Oz.' " — Frank Maitoza, 75, Hemet, Calif.
Credit Bethany Jones
"'We're off to see the Wizard' ... my amazing children (5, 4, 2 and 1) sang as they acquired more and more candy from the neighbors." — Bethany Jones
"We were our mother's guinea pigs for the yearly county fair costume class. At the time, we hated it. But to her credit, we won the trophy every time." — submitted by equestrianshaming
Originally published on Wed April 10, 2013 2:33 pm
The Yellow Brick Road is a well-traveled one; generations of young readers have followed L. Frank Baum's path to the magical Land of Oz. This spring, as members of NPR's Backseat Book Club embarked on their own journeys to the Emerald City, we asked you to share your Oz memories and photos with us. Here's a sampling of what we received.
Originally published on Thu April 11, 2013 10:26 pm
You might be tempted to call World Cafe's Sense of Place: Nashville guest Moon Taxi a jam band — that is, if its instrumental excursions weren't so concise, carefully thought-out and frequently refined in the years it's spent touring.
The quintet formed at Belmont University in Nashville and released its debut, Melodica, in 2007. Moon Taxi's second studio album, Cabaret, came out last year. Here, the band performs an intricate live set and discusses what makes Nashville's independent music scene special.
Originally published on Wed April 10, 2013 10:43 am
Jack White's Third Man Records has quickly become a cultural force in Nashville. The Third Man complex is situated in an industrial section of downtown, where it houses a retail store, the Third Man studio, a mail-order business and a music venue.
Originally published on Thu April 11, 2013 10:27 pm
Tom Angelripper has been a part of the brash German thrash-metal game for more than 30 years now. Sodom's damning 1989 anti-war screed, Agent Orange, is a bona fide classic, but the impeccably named bassist and vocalist still has plenty of targets to hit and thundering bass riffs to deploy. Therein comes crashing "Stigmatized" from Sodom's 14th studio album, Epitome of Torture.
There was a "fire in the belly" feel when Brainstorm took the stage at TenOak in Austin, Texas, during the South by Southwest music festival this past March. In its best moments, the trio from Portland, Ore., has an edge that embodies both African highlife guitar and the sounds of late-'70s post-punk a la Gang of Four.
Connecticut Huskies forward Breanna Stewart takes a shot during first-half action in the women's Division I NCAA championship game Tuesday night in New Orleans. She was the tournament's most outstanding player.
When Fiona Maazel published her first novel, Last Last Chance, in 2008, her frenetic imagination and sharply etched characters earned her a spot on the National Book Foundation's 5 Under 35 authors list. Her 29-year-old narrator, Lucy, was heading into her seventh stretch in rehab; Maazel filtered her addiction, grief, self-involvement and fear through a scrim of dark humor.
There's a comic overlay to her second, even more frenzied and inventive novel, Woke Up Lonely. But the tilt toward pathos is stronger.
Japan is on full alert ahead of an expected mid-range missile launch by North Korea, its defense minister said as the U.N. warned of a potentially 'uncontrollable' situation. A Japanese soldier walks past a missile launcher deployed in Tokyo.
Originally published on Wed April 10, 2013 11:23 am
North Korea's next provocative move — the test firing of a medium-range ballistic missile — could happen at any moment, according to South Korean officials.
Bloomberg Businessweek reports that "the possibility of a ballistic missile launch is 'very high' and 'may materialize anytime from now,' South Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung Se told lawmakers in Seoul today."
Television is going to the dogs. The satellite company DIRECTV recently introduced DOGTV to its line up. The channel, just for canines, will cost humans 5.99 a month. The programs feature soothing music and animations. DOGTV's CEO says this helps ease the loneliness and boredom that pets feel when they're left at home all day.
Hey, what do you think?
(SOUNDBITE OF A DOG BARKING)
GREENE: What's that, boy? You'd rather have a dog station on the radio?
The University of Connecticut has won the women's NCAA basketball championship, beating Louisville 93-60. Louisville was trying to become just the second school to win both the men's and women's titles. But the Cards couldn't duplicate the Louisville men's championship from Monday night.
Now, here in Washington they are calling it the All-In for Citizenship rally. Tens of thousands of demonstrators are expected today on the grounds of the U.S. Capitol. It's to be the biggest event yet in the push to revamp the nation's immigration laws. And congressional negotiators say they are close to unveiling a comprehensive immigration bill. NPR's David Welna tells us how close.
This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm David Greene.
STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
And I'm Steve Inskeep in Caracas, Venezuela. This country is about to hold a presidential election. Voters are replacing the late Hugo Chavez, who shouldered this oil-rich republic onto the world stage. He often denounced the United States as an oppressive empire - even as he sold Americans oil - and imported gasoline from U.S. refineries. The election of his successor this weekend gives us a chance to listen to a changing Latin America.
The Focus is the best-selling "nameplate" worldwide, followed by the Toyota Corolla, new data shows. Ford's sales have jumped in recent years as it dropped unsuccessful models and adopted a single global manufacturing system.
One of the oldest billboards in American advertising is getting an update. The Goodyear blimp has been used for company promotions since 1925. A new model is being assembled in Akron, Ohio, by a crew from Goodyear and the German company Zeppelin.
A jury in New Hampshire has ruled that Exxon-Mobile must pay the state $236 million. The money would help clean groundwater that was contaminated with a gasoline additive known as MTBE. But as New Hampshire Public Radio's Sam Evans-Brown reports, the story doesn't end there.
SAM EVANS-BROWN, BYLINE: In a little state like New Hampshire, $236 million is nothing to sneeze at.