Barbara J. King

Barbara J. King is a contributor to the NPR blog 13.7: Cosmos & Culture. She is a Chancellor Professor of Anthropology at the College of William and Mary. With a long-standing research interest in primate behavior and human evolution, King has studied baboon foraging in Kenya and gorilla and bonobo communication at captive facilities in the United States.

Recently, she has taken up writing about animal emotion and cognition more broadly, including in bison, farm animals, elephants and domestic pets, as well as primates.

King's most recent book is How Animals Grieve (University of Chicago Press, 2013). Her article "When Animals Mourn" in the July 2013 Scientific American has been chosen for inclusion in the 2014 anthology The Best American Science and Nature Writing. King reviews non-fiction for the Times Literary Supplement (London) and is at work on a new book about the choices we make in eating other animals. She was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for her work in 2002.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
8:15 am
Thu May 21, 2015

Is The War On Fat Harming Our Children?

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Originally published on Fri May 22, 2015 1:22 am

America's ongoing war on fat, which aims to save this country — and especially its young people — from a costly and damaging epidemic of obesity, turns out to be dangerous all on its own: It exacts a severe psychological and physical toll on the very individuals it purports to help, according to an upcoming book.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
7:55 am
Thu May 14, 2015

The Role Of Science In A Push For Animal Liberation

An orca swims with its baby at the Marineland animal exhibition park in Antibes, France, in 2013.
Lionel Cironneau AP

Originally published on Thu May 14, 2015 1:58 pm

Last Friday in the Washington Post, Charles Krauthammer asked which contemporary practices will be deemed "abominable" in the future, in the way that we today think of human enslavement.

He then offered his own opinion:

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
8:32 am
Thu May 7, 2015

France's 'New' Prehistoric Cave Art: The Real Thing?

Drawings of animal figures in the life-size replica of Chauvet Cave in southern France.
Claude Paris AP

Originally published on Thu May 7, 2015 12:02 pm

Starting around 35,000 years ago, our ancestors painted — with accurate lines and glorious colors — images of lions, bison, mammoth, rhinoceroses, horses and even an owl on the walls of what is now called Chauvet Cave in south-central France.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
11:25 am
Thu April 16, 2015

Is It Sexist To Say That Women Are Superior To Men?

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Originally published on Fri April 24, 2015 11:50 am

"Women are not equal to men; they are superior in many ways, and in most ways that will count in the future. It is not just a matter of culture or upbringing. It is a matter of chromosomes, genes, hormones, and nerve circuits. It is not mainly because of how experience shapes women, but because of intrinsic differences in the body and the brain."

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
9:09 am
Sun April 12, 2015

Ready To Try Some Free-Range Parenting?

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Originally published on Sun April 12, 2015 10:24 am

In a radio interview with WBUR's Tom Ashbrook on March 26 , dinosaur paleontologist Scott Sampson, who's also the author of How to Raise a Wild Child, said that the average child in the U.S. today spends between 4 and 7 minutes outdoors daily — a 90 percent drop from the time spent outside by their parents.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
11:34 am
Thu April 2, 2015

Male Dolphins Form Complex Alliances When Aiming To Control Females

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Originally published on Thu April 2, 2015 5:12 pm

"Outside of humans, the most complex alliances known are found in a population of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops cf. aduncus, in Shark Bay, Western Australia."

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
11:22 am
Sun March 29, 2015

This Gibbon Knows Life's A Balancing Act

At the Monkeyland Sanctuary in South Africa, an 8-year-old white-handed gibbon walks the tightrope of a suspension bridge with admirable nerve and skill:

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
8:50 am
Thu March 26, 2015

What Drove Neanderthals To Extinction? Maybe Us.

Stevica Mrdja iStockphoto

Imagine that in a discussion with friends, the talk turns to invasive species and the cascading changes they cause in the ecosystems they colonize.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
4:48 pm
Thu March 19, 2015

We May Have Snakes To Thank For Our Acute Vision

Next time you run into an African bush viper like this one, be thankful for your forward-facing eyes.
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Originally published on Fri March 20, 2015 8:46 am

In a new paper published in the journal Primates, author William C. McGrew, a former professor of evolutionary primatology at the University of Cambridge, reports a high rate of venomous snake encounters by his team of primatologists seeking to observe unhabituated wild chimpanzees in Mount Assirik, Senegal, West Africa.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
8:47 am
Thu March 12, 2015

Does Being Vegan Really Help Animals?

Mark Hammon iStockphoto

Originally published on Thu March 12, 2015 11:08 am

More people are moving toward a plant-based diet, owing in part to evidence about human health and environmental sustainability, and in part to the emerging scientific consensus on the breadth and depth of animal consciousness and sentience.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
4:40 am
Thu March 5, 2015

Winter Zen: Taking A Cue From Snow Monkeys

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Originally published on Thu March 5, 2015 4:33 pm

We are about 15 days away now from the spring equinox — but winter is not yet done with us.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
10:29 am
Thu February 26, 2015

A Toxic Stew: Risks To Women Of Public Feminism

Nesterov Vasily iStockphoto

Originally published on Thu February 26, 2015 3:18 pm

Writer Michelle Goldberg published an op-ed piece last week in the Washington Post with a headline that conveys, in microcosm, an arresting story: "Feminist writers are so besieged by online abuse that some have begun to retire."

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
9:48 am
Thu February 19, 2015

Can You Hear Nature's Sounds?

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Originally published on Thu February 19, 2015 11:06 am

Last week, South Florida's nature came alive for me as much through sound as through sight: the flapping of wings as a great blue heron soared up over a river; the plashing of water when an alligator slipped off the riverbank to swim away; the huffing of a manatee taking a breath at the water's surface before she slowly sank again to the river bottom to munch grass.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
12:42 pm
Thu February 12, 2015

A Valentine For People Living With Dementia

Nataliya Arzamasova iStockphoto

This past weekend, when I visited my mother in her assisted living home as I do once or twice a week, I brought along a present. That's not unusual: She and I share a craving for chocolate, and I often bring her new varieties of dark chocolate, her favorite, and other little gifts from my travels.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
4:13 am
Thu February 5, 2015

Fossil Provides Evidence Of Early Human Migration To Europe

Dr. Omry Barzilai of the Israel Antiquities Authority holds an ancient skull found inside a cave near the northern Israeli city of Nahariya.
Dan Balilty AP

Originally published on Thu February 5, 2015 10:38 am

Some 55,000 years ago, a person — whether female or male, we don't know — lived in Manot Cave in the western Galilee area of what is now Israel. Judging from the partial skull recovered from the cave, and described in Nature last week by Israel Hershkovitz of Tel Aviv University and his co-authors, the person was anatomically modern and closely related to the first modern humans who went on to colonize Europe.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
5:28 am
Thu January 29, 2015

Plight Of Baby Lab Monkeys Reaches Congress

Actor-activist James Cromwell testified Tuesday on Capitol Hill about the use of infant rhesus monkeys at an NIH lab.
Leigh Vogel PETA

Originally published on Thu February 5, 2015 11:42 am

Earlier this week, three scientists, a famous actor-activist and a congresswoman spoke on Capitol Hill about why maternal-deprivation experiments conducted on infant rhesus monkeys at an NIH lab in Maryland do not represent ethical or effective science in the 21st century.

I was one of those scientists.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
5:16 am
Thu January 22, 2015

Mind Your Moods, Cat Owners

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Originally published on Thu January 22, 2015 1:18 pm

Babies "social reference" by checking out their parents' facial expressions and voice tones when they encounter a new or strange object or event in their environment — then base their own reactions on mom's or dad's. They look to their parents as they wonder: Is it OK to stay calm, or is it time to worry?

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
5:58 am
Thu January 15, 2015

What's Right About A 6-Year-Old Who Breast-Feeds

Mothers breast-feed their children of different ages during the Second Synchronized Breastfeeding Worldwide event near Manila, Philippines, in October 2008.
Pat Roque AP

Originally published on Thu January 15, 2015 9:09 am

When the British newspaper The Mirror reported in late December that a UK mother named Denise Sumpter was still breast-feeding her daughter Belle, who is 6 and a half years old, two experts were invited to weigh in on the practice.

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
7:36 am
Thu January 8, 2015

My 'Word Of 2014': Privilege

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Originally published on Thu January 8, 2015 9:20 am

What was the top word of 2014?

Merriam-Webster Dictionary says it was "culture," based on increased frequency of use. "Of the top 10 words in the running for the honor, culture had a 15% year-over-year increase in look-ups on the dictionary company's website and in its app."

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13.7: Cosmos And Culture
8:10 am
Wed December 31, 2014

Reflecting On The Year In Animals

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Originally published on Wed December 31, 2014 2:34 pm

As a writer, my main beat is animals. Yes, I take up all kinds of science-and-society issues rooted in anthropology and psychology, ranging from human evolution to contemporary health, fitness and parenting, to rights for those who express their gender identity or sexual orientation in diverse ways. But animals are at the core of what I care about most intensely — and 2014 has been a fun year for conveying, here at 13.7 and elsewhere, what I have learned.

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