Predicting the frequency and severity of coastal storms isn’t an exact science. But a new North Carolina based partnership is seeking to better predict and mitigate impacts from hurricanes and tropical storms. Public Radio East’s Jared Brumbaugh has more.
The Coastal Resilience Center of Excellence brings together university students and professors, the Department of Homeland Security and other federal agencies, private sector partners, and the first responder community to work collaboratively. Rick Luettich is the director of the University of North Carolina’s Institute of Marine Sciences in Morehead City and Principle Investigator for the Coastal Resilience Center of Excellence.
“We have partners that span from Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Florida, Virginia, Rhode Island, New York. It’s all kind of like the spokes on a wheel and the hub is here in Chapel Hill and down here at the coast at the Institute.”
In April, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security awarded a $20 million grant over five years to fund the Center. While it’s still in the very early stages, one of the goals of the program seeks to improve the predictability of hazardous conditions, such as flooding and storm surge. Luettich was among a team of researchers who spent twenty years developing a computer model for predicting how the ocean moves. And since 2000, they’ve been using the technology, called ADCIRC, to determine the impact of storm surge.
“It provides the ability to predict when a major storm comes, that could be a hurricane or it could be just a nor’easter, it provides predictions on how the ocean is going to respond. And of course, what we care about in many of those cases, is how high the water is going to get and what areas might end up being flooded, and how large the wave conditions might be because the waves provide so much damage.”
ADCIRC was used by the Army Corp of Engineers following Hurricane Katrina to design and improve the levee protection system around New Orleans. It was also used by the National Flood Insurance Program to re-evaluate coastal hazard maps from New England to Texas. In North Carolina, ADCIRC is run twice a day to forecast storm surge and flooding associated with upcoming weather events. Luettich says another area of the Coastal Resilience Center of Excellence will focus on how individuals and governmental organizations respond before and after natural hazards.
“It’s really trying to understand and help people make better decisions. There’s a part that involves planning, city planning if you will, or community planning. Try to understand what it takes people to build in smart places. So it’s more than just response, which occurs afterwards. A lot of it has to go into understanding what does into decision making and the planning.”
Luettich says the Center makes the ADCIRC storm surge model available to community leaders for planning purposes.
“We actually run training programs for them and we give them freely to the research community, to the various governmental agencies that work with them. So we provide both training and the tools themselves out for those that are able to work with them to have access to them.”
Another goal of the Coastal Resilience Center of Excellence is educating young scholars and professionals working on the ever changing subject of coastal hazards.
“The research that we’re getting and some of the knowledge that we’re developing is translating itself into undergraduate and graduate courses that are educating the students that come through the program and preparing them for various careers in the field.”
The new Coastal Resilience Center of Excellence received an initial $3 million grant for its first operating year. A planning meeting is set for the end of July in Washington D.C. with the hope to involve officials at multiple levels of government at that time. The Center will be fully operational in early 2016, where they will begin to work with officials in North Carolina and other states.
According to the Department of Homeland Security, the move expands on existing efforts by the Coastal Hazards Center of Excellence, which was formed in 2008. The Coastal Hazards COE informed the U.S. Coast Guard on operation decisions related to staging ahead of Hurricane Sandy.