World

Business
5:30 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Value In Brazil's State Oil Company Drops

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Transcript

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

And Brazil's state oil company, Petrobras, lost 15 percent of its market value this week - that's some $10 billion. NPR's Lourdes Garcia-Navarro reports from Sao Paulo on why oil analysts predict more trouble ahead for the oil giant.

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Latin America
5:27 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Mexico Contemplates Changing Term-Limit Rule

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Let's go next to Mexico, a country that has the ultimate term limits: nobody can be re-elected. The restriction has actually become a point of national pride; it's been around for a century.

NPR's Carrie Kahn has been following the story from Mexico City.

Hi, Carrie.

CARRIE KAHN, BYLINE: Good morning.

INSKEEP: So how did term limits get so tough in Mexico?

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Africa
5:23 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Throughout His Life, Mandela Was An Effective Communicator

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Transcript

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

We're remembering, this morning, the life of Nelson Mandela, who died last night in Johannesburg. He was a public and charismatic figure for more than 60 years. Let's take a few moments to revisit some of his memorable speeches.

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

In 1963, he went on trial in South Africa. Mandela and others in the African National Congress were accused of plotting the violent overthrown of the white minority government. And he spoke in his defense when the trial began.

(SOUNDBITE OF SPEECH)

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Africa
5:16 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Why Music Played An Important Role In Mandela's Life

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Transcript

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "ASIMBONANGA")

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

We're hearing a song that was popular in South Africa in the 1980s, popular even though it was banned. The song was called "Asimbonanga," which means "We Have Not Seen Him." He was Nelson Mandela, who by then had been in prison for more than two decades. This morning we reached the writer of that song, Johnny Clegg, in South Africa.

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Africa
5:16 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Renee Montagne Reflects On Covering Mandela

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Listen if you would with us to this archival tape from Mandela's inauguration as president of South Africa in 1994. We're about to hear a reporter who was in the crowd for that event.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

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Asia
5:16 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Pakistani Gen. Musharraf's Past Comes Back To Haunt Him

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 6:41 am

For the first time in its history, Pakistan is poised to put a former president and army chief of staff on trial. A special court has been convened to hear allegations against General Pervez Musharraf. He's charged with committing treason after he suspended the nation's constitution in 2007 and declared a state of emergency.

Africa
5:16 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Africans Saddened By News Of Mandela's Death

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Tributes to Nelson Mandela have been pouring in from all over the world. South Africans are mourning the loss of the symbolic anti-apartheid leader. His leadership and legacy affected the entire African continent.

Africa
5:16 am
Fri December 6, 2013

De Klerk On Mandela's 'Remarkable Lack Of Bitterness'

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Transcript

STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

Let's hear some more reaction to the passing of former South African President Nelson Mandela. On CNN, F.W. De Klerk, the country's last white minority president, had this to say about a man who was both a colleague and rival.

(SOUNDBITE OF CNN BROADCAST)

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Africa
5:16 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Remembering Mandela With A Man Who Served In Prison With Him

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

Transcript

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

We turn now to someone who knew Nelson Mandela well, and indeed lived through history with him. Ahmed Kathrada fought apartheid with Mandela and was jailed with him in the notorious prison on Robben Island. He told us that when they were sent to the prison, they felt lucky to be alive.

AHMED KATHRADA: The life sentence was a bonus because until the very last day our lawyers and we ourselves expected the death sentence.

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Parallels
3:30 am
Fri December 6, 2013

Plan Calls For Syria's Chemical Arsenal To Be Destroyed At Sea

If a plan taking shape is finalized, the MV Cape Ray, managed by the U.S. Department of Transportation, will be turned into a floating chemical weapons disposal plant.
U.S. Department of Transportation Maritime Administration

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 10:49 am

The world wants Syria's chemical arsenal destroyed. But so far, no country has offered to do the dirty work on its soil. Over the past week, an alternative has gained ground: Carry out the destruction at sea. The plan taking shape is complicated and untested, but it just might work.

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The Two-Way
9:12 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Thai King Calls For Stability Amid Political Unrest

Anti-Government protesters shout during a celebration in Bangkok for the Thai King Bhumibol Adulyadej on his 86th birthday, on Thursday.
Ed Wray Getty Images

Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej, in an address marking his 86th birthday, called on his people to do their duty "for stability, security of our nation" in an apparent reference to ongoing anti-government protests.

While avoiding a direct reference to the sometimes violent demonstrations that have rocked the capital, Bangkok, in recent weeks, the world's longest-serving monarch, said "All Thais should ... behave and perform our duties accordingly, our duty for the sake of the public, for stability, security for our nation of Thailand."

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Africa
8:09 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Violence Escalates In Central African Republic; U.N. OKs Troops

Seleka fighters pose for a photograph in Bossangoa, Central African Republic, on Nov. 25. The landlocked country has been gripped by violence since the mainly Muslim rebels seized power in the majority Christian country in March.
Joe Penney Reuters/Landov

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 7:35 pm

After months of worsening violence, the United Nations voted Thursday to send French and African troops to the Central African Republic in an attempt to restore stability.

Brutal sectarian violence has engulfed the mostly Christian country since March, when the first Muslim leader assumed power after a coup.

Armed gangs of Muslim extremists joined by mercenaries from neighboring countries now control most of the country. Armed Christian forces are fighting back. Slaughter, rape and torture are widely reported.

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Remembrances
7:47 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Nelson Mandela: His Life In His Words And The Words Of Others

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 11:57 am

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

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NPR Story
7:37 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Freed From Prison, Mandela Preached Harmony, Equality

Originally published on Thu December 5, 2013 7:47 pm

On Feb. 11, 1990, upon his release from prison, Nelson Mandela stood on the steps of City Hall in Cape Town, South Africa. He told the gather crowd of more than 100,000 people to seize what he called "a decisive moment." In the audio above, you can listen to a segment of that speech.

NPR Story
7:37 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Former Robben Island Inmate Recalls Mandela's Discipline, Courage

Originally published on Thu December 5, 2013 7:47 pm

For 27 years, Nelson Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island for his fight against South Africa's apartheid regime. Saki Macozoma served time on Robben Island alongside Mandela in the 1970s, and he joins Robert Siegel to remember Mandela, who died Thursday at age 95.

NPR Story
7:37 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Former NPR Correspondent Remembers Working For Mandela

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 11:57 am

Transcript

ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

NPR's former longtime correspondent in South Africa, John Mattison, knew Nelson Mandela. He covered him, and later, he actually worked for him. He's just outside Cape Town and joins us now. John, tell me what your most vivid memory of this great historic figure is.

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Nelson Mandela, 1918-2013
7:17 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Nelson Mandela: An Audio History

Visit Mandela: An Audio History for more on this series.
Photo courtesy of Mayibuye/Robben Island

In April 1994, the world watched as millions of South Africans — most of them jubilant, but many wary — cast their ballots in that nation's first multiracial election. The outcome: Nelson Mandela became president of a new South Africa.

Mandela's journey from freedom fighter to president capped a dramatic half-century-long struggle against white rule and the institution of apartheid. This five-part series, originally produced in 2004, marked the 10th anniversary of South Africa's first free election.

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The Two-Way
6:23 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

World Reflects On The Life Of Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela with South African President F.W. de Klerk in May 1990. Mandela died Thursday at 95.
Denis Farrell AP

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 8:18 am

Nelson Mandela, who became an icon of the struggle for racial equality during a decades-long struggle against South Africa's apartheid system, is being remembered across the globe on Thursday following his death at age 95.

Mandela died after a prolonged lung infection, which had been a recurring problem for him since his days as a prisoner of conscience on South Africa's Robben Island. He served 27 years at the notorious jail.

"He is now resting. He is now at peace," South African President Jacob Zuma said in an address to the nation.

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It's All Politics
6:20 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

For Biden, All The World's A Stage For Possible 2016 Run

Vice President Biden chats with his Chinese counterpart Li Yuanchao before heading to their luncheon at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing on Thursday.
Andy Wong AP

Originally published on Thu December 5, 2013 6:27 pm

Vice President Biden hasn't announced his 2016 presidential plans. It's far too early for that; we haven't even hit the first anniversary of President Obama's second inaugural, after all.

But as Biden traveled this week to Japan, China and South Korea where he met top leaders, he certainly gave the impression of a man doing a full dress rehearsal for the presidency.

Of course, if Hillary Clinton decides to run for president, rehearsing for the presidency may be as close as Biden gets to the Democratic nomination.

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Nelson Mandela, 1918-2013
6:17 pm
Thu December 5, 2013

Nelson Mandela, Inspiration To World, Dies At 95

Former South African President Nelson Mandela, one of the world's most respected statesmen, died Thursday at 95.
Denis Farrell AP

Originally published on Fri December 6, 2013 11:57 am

Nelson Mandela, who was born in a country that viewed him as a second-class citizen, died Thursday as one of the most respected statesmen in the world. He was 95.

President Jacob Zuma announced the death in a televised speech.

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